Do’s and Don’ts in safe use of pesticides by the farmers while purchasing and using

Do’s Don’ts
While Purchasing:
✅ Purchase pesticides/biopesticides only from Registered pesticide dealers having valid Licence.
✅ Purchase only just required quantity of pesticides for single operation in a specified area.
✅ See approved labels on the containers/packets of pesticides.
✅ See Batch No., Registration Number, Date of Manufacture/ Expiry on the labels.
✅ Purchase pesticides well packed in containers.

✤ Do not purchase pesticides from foot path dealers or from un-licenced person.
✤ Do not purchase pesticide in bulk for whole season.
✤ Do not purchase pesticides without approved label on the containers.
✤ Never purchase expired pesticide.
✤ Do not purchase pesticides whose containers are leaking/loose/ unsealed.
During Storage:
✅ Store the pesticides away from house premises.
✅ Keep pesticides in original containers.
✅ Pesticides/weedicides must be stored separately.
✅ Where pesticides have been stored,area should be marked with warning signs.
✅ Pesticides be stored away from the reach of the children and live stocks.
✅ Storage place should be well protected from direct sunlight and rain.

✤ Never store pesticide in house premises.
✤ Never transfer pesticides from original to another containers.
✤ Do not store insecticides with weedicides.
✤ Do not allow children to enter the storage place.
✤ Do not allow children to enter the storage place.
✤ Pesticides should not be exposed to sunlight or rain water.
While handling:
✅ Keep pesticides separate during transportation.
✅ Bulk pesticides should be carried tactfully to the site of application.

✤ Never carry/transport pesticides along with food/fodder/other eatable articles.
✤ Never carry bulk pesticides on head, shoulder or on the back.
While preparing spray solution:
✅ Always use clean water.
✅ Use protective clothings viz., hand gloves, face masks, cap, apron, full trouser, etc. to cover whole body.
✅ Always protect your nose, eyes, ears, hands, etc. from spill of spray solution.
✅ Read instructions on pesticide container label carefully before use.
✅ Prepare the solution as per requirement.
✅ Granular pesticides should be used as such.
✅ Avoid spilling of pesticides solutions while filling the spray tank.
✅ Always use recommended dosage of pesticide.
✅ No activities should be carried out which may affect your health.

✤ Do not use muddy or stagnant water. v Never prepare spray solution without wearing protective clothings.
✤ Do not allow the pesticide/its solution to fall on any body parts. v Never avoid reading instructions on container’s label for use.
✤ Never use left out spray solution after 24 hours of its preparation.
✤ Do not mix granules with water.
✤ Do not smell the spray tank.
✤ Do not use overdose which may affect plant health and environment.
✤ Do not eat, drink, smoke or chew during whole operation of pesticides.
Selection of Equipments:
✅ Select right kind of equipments.
✅ Select right sized nozzles.
✅ Use separate sprayer for insecticides and weedicides.

✤ Do not use leaky or defective equipments.
✤ Do not use defective/non- recommended nozzles.Do not blow/clean clogged nozzles with mouth.Instead use tooth brush tied with sprayer.
✤ Never use same sprayer for both weedicides and insecticides.
While applying spray solutions
✅ Apply only recommended dose and dilution.
✅ Spray operation should be conducted on cool and calm day.
✅ Spray operation should be conducted on sunny day in general.
✅ Use recommended sprayer for each spray.
✅ Spray operation should be conducted in the wind direction.
✅ After spray operation, sprayer and buckets should be washed with clean water using detergent/soap.
✅ Avoid the entry of animals/workers in the field immediately after spray.

✤ Never apply over-dose and high concentrations than recommended.
✤ Do not spray on hot sunny day or strong windy conditions.
✤ Do not spray just before rains and immediately after the rains.
✤ Emulsifiable concentrate formulations should not be used for spraying with battery operated ULV sprayer.
✤ Do not spray against wind direction.
✤ Containers and buckets used for mixing pesticides should never be used for domestic purpose even after thorough washing.
✤ Never enter in the treated field immediate after spray without bearing protective clothings.
After Spray Operation:
✅ Left over spray solutions should be disposed off at safer place viz. barren isolated area.
✅ The used/empty containers should be crushed with stone/stick and buried deep in soil away from water sources.
✅ Wash hands and face with clean water and soap before eating/smoking.
✅ On observing poisoning symptoms give the first aid and show the patient to doctor. Also show the empty container to doctor.

✤ Left over spray solution should not be drained in or near ponds or water lines etc.
✤ Empty containers of pesticides should not be re-used for storing other articles.
✤ Never eat/smoke before washing clothes and taking bath.
✤ Do not take the risk by not showing the poisoning symptoms to doctor as it may endanger the life of the patien